Encyclopedia of Systems and Control

Living Edition
| Editors: John Baillieul, Tariq Samad

Industrial Cyber-Physical Systems

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4471-5102-9_100114-1


The notion of cyber-physical systems (CPS) is applicable to many different application domains, for example, the transportation systems and the energy systems. This article deals with industrial CPS, which we define as CPS concepts applied to the process and manufacturing industries. Originating from traditional control systems, the industry is already since a number of years undergoing a major shift toward more connected systems, also reflected in various national initiatives such as Industrie 4.0 in Germany, Smart Manufacturing in the USA, and Intelligent Manufacturing in China. We first give a brief historic perspective on the industrial automation systems and how that is currently evolving into more general CPS. Then some ongoing trends and future challenges are discussed. This includes the shift toward more autonomous systems and challenges such as analysis of CPS including modelling and cyber-physical security.


Cyber-physical systems Manufacturing Process automation 
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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.ABB ABCorporate ResearchVästeråsSweden

Section editors and affiliations

  • Karl H. Johansson
    • 1
  1. 1.Electrical Engineering and Computer ScienceRoyal Institute of TechnologyStockholmSweden